It’s well known that electric vehicle (EV) range can be affected by cold temperatures. In this blog article, we will explore how much range is lost in different EV models during the winter months and discuss some of the reasons for this range loss.
According to a study by Plugless, some EV models can experience a significant range loss in cold temperatures. For example, the Mustang Mach e and the VW id4 both saw a 30% range loss, while the Tesla Model S saw a 20% loss. On the other hand, the Jaguar i-pace saw only a 3% range loss and the Audi e-tron saw an 8% loss. It’s worth noting that these percentage losses are based on the range of the EV in ideal conditions, so a smaller percentage loss may still represent a significant drop in range.
So, why do EVs lose range in the cold? There are a few reasons for this. One reason is that chemical and physical reactions in the battery occur more slowly in cold temperatures. This reduces the power output of the battery and can lead to a drop in range. Cold temperatures also inhibit chemical reactions and act as resistance that slows down the physical process within the battery.
To help mitigate the impact of cold temperatures on EV range, some manufacturers have implemented measures such as heat blankets or heated devices that are placed around the battery to maintain an optimal temperature. Additionally, EV software can be used to help maintain an optimal temperature and optimize the use of the battery.
It’s worth noting that the range loss seen in different EV models can vary widely. For example, the Hyundai Kona has a range of 275 miles, so a 19% range loss would still leave it with a relatively high range of around 225 miles. On the other hand, a car with a lower range to begin with, such as the VW Golf with a range of 150 miles, could be more significantly impacted by a 23% range loss.
In conclusion, it’s important to be aware that cold temperatures can significantly impact the range of your EV. It’s worth considering this when planning long trips or if you live in a region with harsh winter weather. By taking steps such as using heat blankets or optimized software, you can help to minimize the impact of cold temperatures on your EV’s range.